In using maps and texts to create the Gazetteer of Early Modern England and Wales (EMEW), we are fortunate to be building on the work of others, including:
- Wikidata (places of human settlement)
- GB1900 Gazetteer
- GeoNames Geographical Database
- Rhestr o Enwau Lleoedd Hanesyddol Cymru
- The Historical Gazetteer of England's Place-Names
- CAMPOP (Towns database)
- Historic England (Historic buildings identified as either bridges or inns)
- Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland
And in particular:
- World Historical Gazetteer, whose team (together with the Pelagios Network) is developing the Linked Places data format that we intend to adopt.
Paula Aucott and Humphrey Southall have highlighted the potential and limitations of gazetteers, and an excellent example of gazetteers being used to illuminate historical texts is the geotagged edition of Camden's Britannia on Humphrey Southall's Vision of Britain Web site.
Our open-licenced EMEW Gazetteer will be an important resource of temporospatial data for the study of economic, demographic, and transport development in England and Wales between 1530 and 1680.
We are linking our own dataset to features in existing datasets and gazetteers by using Recogito to tag place-names in texts and points on maps. Recogito requires these 'Authority Files' in a very particular format, and so we have developed a configurable conversion program (written in PHP) which can be found here.
We have in some cases reconfigured the searchable text of each feature in order to streamline the geotagging process within Recogito. For example, a point dataset has been derived from the Ordnance Survey Open Rivers GIS, indicating the confluences of all named rivers: the indexed text for each point includes the names of each river, the word 'CONFLUENCE', and the name of the county in which the confluence lies.
Please contact us with other suggestions!
- Image from Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Historia Naturae, 1635.
- We owe particular thanks to James Heald for his cteation of an England and Wales subdataset.
- Paula Aucott and Humphrey Southall, Locating Past Places in Britain: Creating and Evaluating the GB1900 Gazetteer, International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, Volume 13 Issue 1-2, Page 69-94.