Saxton/Vocabulary

From Viae Regiae Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

back to the main Saxton page

Team resources

YouTube videos

  • This YouTube video shows how to use the desCartes tool to match places on the Saxton maps to places in the gazetteers

Using Descartes for unidentified places

Burghley handwriting

  • This guide to Burghley's handwriting is helpful for interpretation of the annotations Burghley's alphabet

Other maps/editions

It can be useful to check our Saxton proof maps against other maps, e.g. if a glyph has been left unnamed.

  • BnF Gallica has Saxton maps (page through to the right to find the right county).
  • The University of Cambridge has the later Speed maps (there is a pop-out index on the right hand side so you can click direct to the county you want).

Tagging Symbology/Vocabulary

Revised to reflect recent changes David Cant (talk) 16:29, 21 April 2021 (UTC)

There is some stylistic variation between the county maps, but the symbology appears to be consistent (except perhaps in the case of Warwickshire). A Google doc comparing the settlement glyphs for different counties is here, feel free to add glyphs from other counties for comparison.

In case of doubt about the classification of a glyph, please make your best guess and tag with <glyph-uncertain>.

Linked Box tagging is used to associate a place-name with a glyph.

  1. Click on the circle (if present) within a glyph, otherwise centred within the glyph as a whole.
  2. With the following three clicks, underline the place-name from left to right, and then set the height of the box. Please enclose (within reason, some are enormous) all descending and ascending text loops.

This tagging vocabulary must be uploaded to Recogito in .txt format. If you have Admin privileges on the document being annotated, download the file from here (once opened, right click on the file to save it locally), and then in Recogito (under Document Settings | Annotation Preferences | Tagging Vocabulary) click on [Upload from file]. You should first clear any pre-existing list.

Please add images of glyphs if you find clear examples.
Symbol Vocabulary Wikidata Interpretation Tagging Method / Notes
Saxton Symbol- Village.png
Hamlet-double glyph.png
hamlet "hamlet" -- Q5084 Hamlet Linked Box. Glyph represents building(s) but has no obvious tower or spire. The 'double box' type hamlet may be unique to one part of Hampshire.
Saxton Symbol- Spire.jpg
Spike.jpg
village-spire "village" -- Q532 Village, possibly with a parish church. Linked Box. Note that this glyph contains a single circle, while larger settlements contain double circles. The spike style of glyph spotted so far only in Terwoord's engraving of Saxton's Warwickshire and Leicestershire: please note here other counties/engravers employing this notation.
Saxton Large Village.JPG
village-large "large village" -- Q26714626 Large village, possibly with a parish church. Linked Box. [Under review - please do not delete. Stephen Gadd (talk) 14:28, 5 March 2021 (UTC)] Glyph added David Cant (talk) 17:44, 5 March 2021 (UTC)
Saxton Symbol- Manor House.jpg
Saxton Symbol- Manor2.jpg
manor-buildings OR manor-box "mansion" -- Q1802963 Manor house or mansion. Linked Box. Glyphs vary considerably, please use this category only when the context is clear, as in the case of 'My Lady masons howse', which was in the settlement known even then as Hartley Wintney.
Saxton Symbol- Tower.png
tower "fortified house" -- Q1408475 Tower, fortified house. Linked Box.
Saxton Symbol- Castle.png
castle "castle" -- Q23413 Castle Linked Box
Saxton Symbol- City.jpg
town "town" -- Q3957 Town, small city or borough Linked Box. Glyphs vary considerably as Saxton appears sometimes to be trying to illustrate the towns in question. Note that this glyph contains a double circle, and is labelled in capitals. On some counties only single circles are used.
Saxton Symbol- Cathedral.jpg
cathedral "cathedral" -- Q2977 Cathedral city Linked Box. Glyphs vary considerably as Saxton appears sometimes to be trying to illustrate the cities in question.
Screen Shot 2021-04-20 at 9.33.28 PM.png
glyph-circle ? ? Linked Box (assuming the circle is named, if there is no placename then use a point instead). Check other maps e.g. Saxton maps at BnF and Speed maps at Cambridge, to see if the circle has been attached to a glyph and/or name.
IMAGE glyph-none ? ? Rectangle enclosing name, link to gazetteer as normal for the type of place.
Beacon.png
beacon "beacon" -- Q17484395 Beacon Linked Box
IMAGE watermill "watermill" -- Q185187 Watermill Point. (if anyone finds one of these can they please upload an image)
Windmill.jpg
windmill "windmill" -- Q38720 Windmill Point
Hill.jpg
hill "hill" -- Q54050 Hill Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the depiction, not any associated text. Wherever practical, hills appearing in groups should be tagged separately. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
IMAGE mountain "mountain" -- Q8502 Mountain Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the depiction, not any associated text. Wherever practical, mountains appearing in groups should be tagged separately. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
Screen Shot 2021-04-16 at 1.51.52 PM.png
headland "headland" -- Q191992 Headland Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the depiction, not any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
Saxton Symbol- Bridge.jpg
bridge "bridge" -- Q12280 Bridge Point
Ford from Devon Saxton map
ford "ford" -- Q12743 Ford Point
River.jpg
river "river" -- Q4022 River (un-named) Points. Choose points from the Rivers Gazetteer to indicate sources, estuaries, or main sections of identifiable rivers and their confluences with other rivers.
River.jpg
river "river" -- Q4022 River (named) Linked Box. Choose a point from the Rivers Gazetteer and outline the name text. Use the same technique for other linear features like Hadrian's Wall (Wall of the Pictes).
Saxton lake.JPG
lake "lake" -- Q23397 Lake Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the depiction, not any associated text. Geolocation can be approximated by interpolation of nearby tagged places, so add a place tag only if the location can be found in a gazetteer.
IMAGE marsh "marsh" -- Q30198 Marsh Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the depiction, not any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
Screen Shot 2021-04-16 at 1.37.34 PM.png
island "island" -- Q23442 Island (named) Linked Box. Applies to named islands only: the name box should be anchored to a central point on the island.
Wood.jpg
wood "woodland" -- Q3241565 Woodland Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the depiction, not any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
Knightons ashe.png
tree "tree-ash" -- Q59772388
"tree-elm" -- Q59779164
"tree-oak" -- Q59779164
"tree-yew" -- Q17038225
"tree" -- Q10884
Named tree Use only for named trees. Linked box. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
Forest.jpg
forest "forest" -- Q1678262 Forest (a royal hunting ground) Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing the depiction, transcribe any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements. One day we may have a linkable Gazetteer: in the meantime, the Langton and Jones maps here might help.
Chase from Dorset Saxton
chase "chase" -- Q1678262 Chase (a non-royal hunting ground) Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing the depiction, transcribe any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements. One day we may have a linkable Gazetteer: in the meantime, the Langton and Jones maps here might help.
Saxton Symbol- Park.jpg
park-trees "deer park" -- Q2662247 Deer park enclosing trees Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the fencing area, not any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements.
Screen Shot 2021-04-16 at 1.40.26 PM.png
park-bare "deer park" -- Q2662247 Deer park without trees Rectangle (or Tilted Box) enclosing only the fencing area, not any associated text. Link to a gazetteer item only if the location is known, otherwise location can be interpreted at a later stage by relating it to surrounding settlements. Much woodland was being cleared in this period, partly for agriculture, but partly (and more significantly for our study) to meet industrial demand for fuel.
Screen Shot 2021-04-20 at 8.17.56 PM.png
battlefield "battlefield" -- Q4895508 Site of battle Rectangle / Tilted Box.
Annotation.jpg
burghley "annotation" -- Q857525 Annotation by Lord Burghley Linked Box. Often simply a family name: please provide transcription, and if possible in the Notes section identify the family or individual concerned (Wikidata ID?). Youtube guide here [1] Sometimes the annotations are an addition of a missing place, in which case they can be linked to a gazetteer point as with normal settlements.
Screen Shot 2021-04-20 at 9.09.18 PM.png
burghley "annotation" -- Q857525 Annotation by Lord Burghley or scribe Rectangle. Transcribe the annotation. Also separately enclose any place names mentioned and geolocate them to the relevant landing place or settlement etc.
IMAGE marginalia "marginalia" -- Q1572441 Marginalia Rectangle / Tilted Box. Marginalia should be described in the Notes box, e.g. coat of arms.
Saxton sea creature.JPG
sea-creature "sea-creature" -- Q3269950 Sea monster or large sea creature Rectangle / Tilted Box. Sea creatures should be transcribed in the Notes box [what does this mean?].
Screen Shot 2021-04-16 at 1.41.18 PM.png
ship "ship" -- Q16391167 Ship or boat Rectangle / Tilted Box. Ships should be transcribed in the Notes box [what does this mean?].
County name image from Dorset Saxton
county "county" -- Q28575 County name Rectangle / Tilted Box. Place chosen from the Administrative gazetteer.
Image of detached part of Devon bordering Dorset below and Somerset above
county-detached "county" -- Q28575 Administrative area detached from the main body of a county Rectangle / Tilted Box. Place chosen from the Administrative gazetteer.
IMAGE hundred "hundred" -- Q26678366 Hundred name Rectangle / Tilted Box. Place chosen from the Administrative gazetteer.

Transcription Policy - Abbreviations

Special characters can be typed from your device's Symbols menu (Cmd+Ctrl+Space on Mac, Right-click then Win + . on Windows). This can also be used to circumvent Recogito's default zoooming behaviour for + and - keys.
Square brackets in the transcription box break Recogito, so it necessary to either 1. geolocate the place before you transcribe the name, or 2. add in the square brackets after geolocating, or 3. transcribe with the square brackets, and after saving the annotation, click on it a second time to allow you to flag the place as not findable (allowing you to geolocate it with desCartes)
Some place-names are written in capitals. It is important to capture this in the transcription, as this is thought to indicate a settlement status not otherwise apparent from the associated glyph.
Map text Transcription Modern place name Notes
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Walkingham.png
Walkingh[a]m Walkingham Superscript a indicates missing a – may not sit directly over point where it’s missing
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Nunnmunkton.png
Nun[n]munkto[n] Nun Monkton Line over n or m or at end of word usually indicates missing n or m.
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Waltham parva.png
Walth[a]m p[arva] Little Waltham.
Modern place name elements could be X Parva, Little X, Lower X, Nether X
Latin: small. P with loop or line through downstroke indicates p[ar] or p[er]. In this context used for p[arva]
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Waltham magna.png
Walth[a]m m[agna] Great Waltham.
Modern place name elements could be X Magna, Great X, Upper X
 
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Roding abbey.png
Roding ab[batissae] Abbess Roding ? would probably need to consult older placename versions to check. Male version Abbas. Could transcribe as ab[?]
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Lauer parva.png
Lauer p[arva] Little Laver Use of u for v. Transcribe as printed.
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Vpmyster.png
Vpmyster Upminster Use of V for U. Transcribe as printed. No obvious abbreviation symbol for missing n. Transcribe as printed.
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Toleshunt maior.png
Toleshunt maior Tolleshunt Major Use of i for j. Transcribe as printed
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Cogeshall parva.png
Cogeshall p[ar]ua Coggeshall Hamlet Use of long S. use of p[ar] abbreviation, use of u for v.
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Chicknell Sct Iames.png
Chicknell S[an]ct[us] Iames Chignal St James As James is not Latinised could argue this is merely S[an]ct Iames. There are other examples where S[an]ct[us] Iohan[n]es is used where John is Latinised.
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Horndon super montem.png
Horndon super mont[em] Horndon on the Hill Latin: super – over/above, mons, montis – hill/mountain. Montem is accusative with super.
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Kendall castle.png
Kendall cast[?] Kendal Castle No way of knowing if he’s intending Latin or English
Saxton Abbreviated Place - Barborn chapel.png Barborn chap[?] Barbon Chapel No way of knowing if he’s intending Latin or English. Chap suggest English, but is it Chapel/Chapelle/Chappell…

Important links

Saxton Main Page

Team members of the Saxton project