The Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 prompted the government to undertake a survey the following year to establish the number of guest beds and quantity of stabling available across England and Wales for billetting soldiers.
This threshold was set based on the number of animals in a typical packhorse train of the period. However, a proclamation of 1618 ordained that wagons should be drawn by no more than five horses, noting that some were being pulled by as many as ten where formerly two-wheeled carts had been employed, perhaps with as few as two horses.
Working with Recogito from images like that shown here, we'd like to establish a network of volunteers with specialist local knowledge to attempt the identification and transcription of all 11,000+ locations listed in the entire survey. Comparison with lists of significant settlements extracted from our map analysis projects (and elsewhere, such as John Adams's 1680 Index Villaris) will enable us to assess the completeness of the accommodation survey, and perhaps help Max to refine further his own work.
Local and regional studies have of course already focused on parts of the 1686 Stabling Survey. In particular, John Chandler has published work which compares the Wiltshire section with data derived from the 1676 Compton Census, and highlights some of the problems with interpreting the Stabling Survey. Philip Riden has published a transcript of the Derbyshire section of the Survey.
- Max Satchell, Identifying the Trunk Roads of Early Modern England and Wales, (draft, 2017). [UPDATE: in further work, Max has raised the threshold to 10 spare stables.]
- Robert Steele, Tudor and Stuart Proclamations, 144.
- John Chandler, "Accommodation and Travel in Pre-Turnpike Wiltshire", Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, 84 (1991): 83-95.
- Philip Riden, "Guest Beds and Stabling in Derbyshire 1686-1756", Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 128 (2008):65-98