Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (September 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This template will add tagged articles to a cleanup category according to the month and year given.
Pages on which this template is transcluded will be added to Category:Articles with ibid from September 2022. If no date is given, articles will be added to the more general Category:Articles with ibid, until a robot adds the date.